This news made Mr. Zhang, the Guangzhou citizen who is preparing to pick a 3-year-old daughter's summer clothes, began to worry: There is still such a problem with designer clothes, not to mention children's clothing with different brands. Mr. Zhangâ€™s concerns are quite representative within the young parentsâ€™ community. A controversy over the quality of childrenâ€™s clothing has already spread out on the Internet.
The Nanfang Daily reporter found out that as the first province of children's wear, Guangdong children's clothing inspection has passed the low rate for many years. The quality and safety of children's clothing are worrying. Various toxic substances that are harmful to health are being penetrated into young children through "problem children's clothing." The "poisonous hand" of the skin is reaching out to the child.
Over the years, quality inspections have long been at a low pass rate. Guangdong produces more than 300 million children's clothes each year, accounting for more than 30% of the country's total output. However, children's clothing, formaldehyde, and poisonous dyes with excessive pH values â€‹â€‹have often been reported.
According to statistics released by Guangdong Provincial Quality Supervision and Industry and Commerce Department on the results of children's clothing sampling, the quality of children's wear in our province has been at a low pass rate for five years. At the worst, it was only 30% and more qualified. At its best, nearly 40% were unqualified, and the average is 5 years. The pass rate is only about 60%, and there have even been many occasions where carcinogens containing excessive amounts of toxic aromatic amines have been detected.
In June last year, the Guangzhou Consumer Council and the Guangzhou Municipal Bureau of Industry and Commerce announced the latest results of the sampling of children's products. Among them, the quality of children's wear was the most worrying, and the quality compliance rate was only 66.7%. Among them, the Queen Baby BABYCREATIONS folder T-shirt (infant and child supplies) detected formaldehyde 70mg/kg, more than 200%.
In recent days, with the issue of excessive exposure to brand-name garment printing and dyeing being exposed, the discussion on the quality and safety of children's wear was once again on the Internet.
"Children's clothing safety should pay attention to the big problem of excessive formaldehyde," and "the cotton does not equal security and the colorful colors may have methanol" gradually spread.
After reading these discussions, Mr. Zhang, the Guangzhou citizen, temporarily suspended the plan to buy new clothes for her daughter. â€œI used to buy new clothes for her daughter. Now I feel that the clothes used by relatives and friends' children are more secure.â€
The market visited the children's wear logo "indirect contact with the skin"
Recently, the Nanfang Daily reporter visited a number of children's wear shops in Guangzhou Hengbao Plaza, Daqidi, and Zhongshan 8th Road. It was found that children's wear logos on the market were rather confusing, and it was difficult for consumers to judge whether the formaldehyde and other substances were excessive from the appearance and packaging. Some no-name manufacturers' products do not even have logos, and they are suspected of "three nos" products.
According to the National Technical Specification for Basic Safety of Textile Products, in addition to the words â€œbaby and infant supplies,â€ infants and toddlersâ€™ clothing should be marked with formaldehyde if formaldehyde is used in production. The reporter randomly checked dozens of children's clothes at several children's clothing stores in Hengbao Plaza. There was no specific content for marking formaldehyde, and only one was written with the general expression of â€œformaldehyde content: conforming to national standardsâ€.
The reporter's investigation found that the short-sleeved children's wear worn by the children of the market in many cases identifies the safety category of "non-direct contact with the skin," rather than the "baby and infant supplies" standard, among which there are many famous brands such as "K Ã— Ã—". About half of the products do not have any safety technical requirement categories.
The reporter asked the sales staff that most of them did not understand it and only said, â€œIf you are worried, go back and wash several times and then wear it againâ€.
Interview "Poisonous Kids"
Another problem that has been highlighted by garments in recent years is that the content of raw materials is inconsistent with the measured value. In children's wear, this problem has arisen even more. Last year, the Shenzhen Consumer Council found that there were 11 samples in the comparative test on 50 batches of children (including infants and young children) in the Shenzhen market, including many well-known brands.
Clothing industry analyst Liao Jierong pointed out that the cost of raw materials such as cotton and wool rose sharply. Some manufacturers used counterfeit fabrics in order to save costs and could easily cause excessive or residual pollutants.
Mr. Huang, chairman of a Hong Kong-owned clothing company in Guangzhou, revealed that in the production process of low-grade fabrics, a large number of dyeing auxiliaries and resin finishing agents containing formaldehyde are often added in order to make the clothes not wrinkle, shrink, or fade. Clothing companies in the process of processing, did not remove the clean, it will lead to excessive formaldehyde.
Mr. Huang said that some brand-name clothing is actually looking for other companies to do the OEM work. If the OEM companies are not strict, it will easily lead to excessive formaldehyde in brand-name clothing.
The quality inspection report has been used for many purposes. â€œFarm quality problems are frequent and are closely related to the high cost of detection and the companyâ€™s luck in escaping psychology. For example, in the process of detecting azo dyes, the cost for testing one color will cost four or five hundred yuan, while childrenâ€™s clothing Fabrics often contain a variety of colors, if each batch of products have to be tested, the cost is quite high.â€ Mr. Zheng, said red baby (China) Co., Ltd., some manufacturers do not strictly control the quality of apparel fabrics, the lack of testing.
According to Zhang Yulian, engineer of the National Textile and Apparel Product Quality Supervision and Inspection Center's technical department, most of the commissioned inspections conducted by the center are large brand large enterprises, and many small and medium-sized enterprises rarely inspect. According to reports, some clothing companies spend hundreds of millions of dollars each year on quality inspections.
Mr. Wong, a chairman of a Hong Kong-owned clothing company in Guangzhou, revealed that many companies require customers to submit their inspections for inspection, or use other batches of inspection reports to cope with it, and the quality inspection department sampling density is too low, often is a six one Pre-holidays large-scale surprise inspections do not have much effect on the apparel industry where shipments are so intensive.
Mr. Huangâ€™s statement was corroborated by the Consumer Councilâ€™s experts: â€œThere are many styles and changes in the apparel industry. There are generally few quality inspection reports of the same model with the same batch. Most manufacturers are unable to provide statutory quality inspections of controversial clothing. The report is only replaced by a similar garment quality inspection report."
According to statistics from the Guangzhou City Consumer Council, in 2010, there were 4611 complaints (applications) for garments, footwear, and hats in Guangzhou, up 217.13% year-on-year.
Children's clothing production threshold is extremely low. "The main reason is that the threshold for entry into this industry is low. Several people and several sewing machines are set to open factories." Yesterday, Zhang Yulian's engineer told reporters that the garment industry is highly professional, taking azo dyes as an example, and optical azo dyes. There are thousands of species, of which more than 200 will decompose substances that are harmful to the human body and belong to the state's banned aromatic amine dyes. However, there are many small and medium-sized enterprises that do not have professional or professional knowledge in this area, or they did not carry out tests at the time of purchase. In the production process, a carcinogenic ban dye that can decompose aromatic amines was used.
In a comparative trial released last year by the Shenzhen Consumer Council, Tong Nixuanâ€™s girl, who was wearing an external test, found 85 mg of benzidine per kilogram. Due to its strong carcinogenicity, benzidine is an intermediate for dye synthesis and can easily exceed the standard in dyed cotton textiles.
People concerned in the quality supervision department pointed out that one of the main reasons is that the quality of children's wear does not go up. Children's wear has not been included in the production license list so far. The threshold for children's wear manufacturing enterprises is extremely low. Comparing with other products such as soy products, pho, and other products that have been included in the production license list, enterprises must obtain a â€œproduced production certificateâ€ and must first invest 20,000 to 3,000 yuan to upgrade the production line and improve the production environment. They must also be equipped with raw materials and appearances for admission. In the finished product testing room, the cost of the company's illegal activities increases as the input cost increases. "The penalties for offenders are not severe enough either to pay a fine or to shut down the company. Many cottages can change their name for a rental house and they can repeat it."
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